• Konsultacijų tel.: (8 5) 213 9772
  • Pranešk apie nelegalų darbą tel.: (8 5) 213 9750

 

State Labour Inspectorate information in English language

MINISTER OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND LABOUR OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

MINISTER OF HEALTH OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

 

ORDER
ON THE APPROVAL OF THE NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON HEALTH AND SAFETY at work FOR 2017–2021

22 May 2017 No A1-256/V-584
Vilnius

Pursuant to Point 8.1.8 of the Regulations of the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania approved by Resolution No 892 of 17 July 1998 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania ‘On the approval of the Regulations of the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania’ and Point 10.2.2 of the Regulations of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Lithuania approved by Resolution No 926 of 24 July 1998 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania ‘On the approval of the Regulations of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Lithuania‘ and having regard to the Council Conclusions of 10 March 2015 ‘EU StrategicFramework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020: Adapting to New Challenges’ and the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions ‘EU StrategicFramework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020’ of 6 June 2014, and seeking to improve health and safety at work, we hereby:
1. A p p r o v e  the appended National Action Plan on Health and Safety at Work for 2017-2021 (the ‘Action Plan‘).
2. C h a r g e
2.1. the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania with the responsibility for coordinating the implementation of the Action Plan;
2.2. entities responsible for the implementation of the Action Plan with the responsibility for submitting to the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania, by 30 January every year, about implementation of the measures of the Action Plan in the past year.
3. E s t a b l i s h that measures of the Action Plan shall be financed from the general allocations approved for relevant ministries, institutions and other entities in the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Approval of Financial Indicators of the State Budget and Municipal Budgets as well as funds received from the European Union and international organisations and other lawfully received funds.
4. P r o p o s e that higher educational establishments, scientific institutions and social partners should take part in the implementation of the Action Plan.

 

Minister of Social Security and Labour                                             Linas Kukuraitis

 

Minister of Health                                                                               Aurelijus Veryga


approved
By Order of the Minister of Social Security and Labour and the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania No A1-256/V-584
of 22 May 2017

NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON HEALTH AND SAFETY at work FOR 2017–2021

SECTION I
GENERAL PROVISIONS

1. The purpose of the National Action Plan on Health and Safety at Work for 2017-2021 (the ‘Action Plan‘) is to implement the health and safety at work (HSW) policies on a national level, promote interest in HSW as a component of good governance and a key factor of increasing production efficiency and competitiveness, and ensure HSW so that working conditions are improved and productivity is increased.

2.  The Action Plan has been prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Council Conclusions of 10 March 2015 ‘EU StrategicFramework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020: Adapting to New Challenges’ and the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions ‘EU StrategicFramework on Health and Safety at Work 2014-2020’ of 6 June 2014.

3.  The Action Plan consists of an overview of the HSW situation (Section II), a table of the objectives, tasks, measures and allocations of/for the Action Plan and entities responsible for implementation (Section III), and a list of the objectives’ and tasks’ evaluation criteria and their values (Section IV).

SECTION II
OVERVIEW OF HSW SITUATION

4.  According to Statistics Lithuania, as of 1 January 2017 there were 83,256 enterprises, institutions and organisations operating in Lithuania (hereinafter collectively referred to as the ‘enterprises‘) employing 939,388,000 people in all. Enterprises with up to 9 employees  (micro enterprises) accounted for 81% of all enterprises in operation, enterprises with 10–49 employees  (small enterprises) – for 15.5%, enterprises with  50–249 employees (medium enterprises) – 3 %, and enterprises with more than 250 employees (large enterprises) – 0.5 % of all operating enterprises. Every year, the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour (SLI) inspects about 4% of all enterprises in operation. SLI‘s inspections cover illegal work, compliance with the HSW legal acts and other functions falling within the remit of SLI. In 2015, the largest number of violations of HSW legislation was found at construction enterprises (39.4%); violations at manufacturing industry enterprises accounted for 20.7%, trading enterprises 7.8%, and transport and warehousing enterprises 5.9 %. Works suspended by the SLI inspectors in construction enterprises in 2015 accounted for 96.3% of all works suspended by the SLI inspectors (in all, in 2015 works were suspended at 136 workplaces and the use of 32 means of work was prohibited).
In 2015, the majority of violations of HSW legislation found by the SLI inspectors were related to the occupational risk assessment (14%), training and certification (13.6%), means of work  (9.8% including 7.3% in relation to potentially dangerous equipment). Since 2009, violations related to the occupational risk assessment are most often found in the manufacturing industry sector (28% of all violations of this type in 2015).

5.  According to the SLI, as of 1 January 2017, 45,012 declarations on HSW situation and workplaces’ compliance with HSW legislation were submitted to the SLI System of Electronic Services to Employers, in accordance with Article 39(5) of the Republic of Lithuania Law on Safety and Health at Work.  According to the information in the declarations, functions of an HSW service are performed by the employer, the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer in 88.8% of cases, HSW services are established in 20.3% of cases, there is an HSW specialist in 19.7% of cases, and agreements with legal/natural persons on the performance of HSW functions or part of them have been concluded in 11.5% of cases.

6.  In 2015, 44 lethal, 146 serious and 3,335 minor accidents at work occurred. The numbers of accidents at work per 100,000 employees were as follows:  lethal 3.5, serious 11.8 and minor 269. The total number of accidents at work was increasing in 2012–2015 (from 2,927 to 3,525), whereas the number of serious accidents at work ranged from 119 to 149. The number of lethal accidents at work has decreased: 44 in 2015 compared to 59 in each year of the period 2012–2014.
According to the types of economic activities, in 2015 the majority of accidents at work took place in construction enterprises (14, or 32%), transport and warehousing enterprises (13, or 30%), and manufacturing industry enterprises (6, or 14.3%). In 2015, the majority of serious accidents at work took place in construction enterprises (47, or 32.4%), manufacturing industry enterprises (26, or 14%), and transport and warehousing enterprises (17, or 12%). As much as 41% of lethal accidents at work and 37% of serious accidents at work involved employees with a less than 1 year’s service record with the enterprise. 19% of lethal accidents at work involved employees with the service record with the enterprise varying between 1 and 2 years. The majority of lethal accidents at work occurred due to the employee‘s fall from a height (13, or 31%), road vehicle (9, or 21%), falling objects (5, or 12%), whereas serious accidents at work – due to the employee‘s fall from a height (29%), falling of the employee (19%), falling objects (12%), vehicles (10%). 6 lethal and 8 serious accidents at work occurred due to a failure to remove drunk employees from work.

7.  437 occupational diseases were recorded in the Register of Occupational Diseases of Lithuania in 2015. The numbers of occupational diseases recorded annually remain similar since 2010. In 2015, most cases of occupational diseases were determined by physical factors (230 occupational diseases, or 52.6 % including 157 (35.9%) by vibration and 73 (16.7%) by noise) and ergonomic factors (186 occupational diseases, or 42.6%). Ergonomic factors were responsible for 81.8% of occupational diseases diagnosed in women. Since 2011, the number of diseases caused by ergonomic factors has increased. Occupational cancer cases are recorded very rarely, just as occupational diseases caused by chemical and biological factors (2015: 0.6% and 0.7% of occupational diseases, respectively). During prophylactic health checks of employees carried out in  2015, only 3% of cases of occupational diseases established that year were suspected;  46% of persons for whom an occupational disease/diseases was/were diagnosed in 2015, had lost at least 45% of capacity for work (were incapable for work or partly capable for work).  

8.  According to the 2013 survey of employment of Lithuania‘s population (EUROSTAT), 27,800 (2.2%) of Lithuania‘s employees had work-related health problems. 53.8% of the employees indicated that a work-related health problem had led to a loss of capacity for work. Most often Lithuania‘s employees complained of work-related disorders of the skeletal-muscular system and mental health problems.

9.  The SLI provides ongoing consulting to employers, employers’ representatives and employees on matters related to the implementation of the HSW legislation. In order to ensure a continuous information and training process aimed at employers and employees, the SLI presents to the public, using various mass media, information about the HSW requirements, HSW situation at the country‘s enterprises, SLI activities, best practices of enterprises and other preventive information. Social advertising is also used for the dissemination of information. Over 100 preventive-information reports, method local guidelines, and press releases are prepared and published every year.
Increasing youth awareness of HSW and labour law issues is in the focus of SLI‘s attention. Using the mass media and various events (meetings, lectures, discussions etc.) young people are made conversant with legal acts governing youth work, issues of employment relations, potential occupational risks etc.; in the summer season when enterprises employ young seasonal workers, more attention is devoted to such enterprises in order to avoid violations of legal acts governing youth work; an SLI account focussed on youth education has been created on Facebook where urgent consulting and answers to questions are provided.

10.    Provision of information about SLI and instilling habits of safe behaviour start at school. A general programme on human safety is taught as a separate subject at the basic education level (Years 5-10), with the children made conversant with the indispensable requirements for safe behaviour. On a secondary school level, this programme has been integrated into a number of subjects. Since 2012, a general programme on health education is taught at schools. Pupils who study under formal vocational training programmes are taught HSW according to the Description of the Health and Safety at Work Programme for Pupils Studying under Basic Vocational Training Programmes approved by Order of the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania No ISAK-1953 of 28 September 2005 ‘On the approval of the Description of the Health and Safety at Work Programme for Pupils Studying under Basic Vocational Training Programmes‘. The Descriptors of the Higher Education Study Areas that form a basis for the formulation of study programmes state that persons having completed the study programmes must be knowledgeable about HSW requirements. The descriptors are approved by the Minister of Education and Science and are binding for all higher educational establishments.

OBJECTIVES, TASKS, MEASURES AND ALLOCATIONS OF/TO THE ACTION PLAN AND ENTITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION

Item No

Description of objective/task/measure

Entities responsible for implementation

Imple-mentation timeframe

Allocations, EUR‘000

Funding sources

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

1.

Objective: Improving the HSW legal framework and implementation of HSW regulations at enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises and, in particular, by strengthening their capacities for implementing efficient occupational risk prevention measures

1.1.

Task: Improving legal acts and implementing accidents at work prevention policy and initiatives

1.1.1.

Measure: Formulating safety requirements for forestry works

Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania (the ‘Ministry of Environment‘)

2017–2018

3

6

 

 

 

State budget funds 

1.1.2.

Measure: Formulating methodological guidance for health and safety at work for forestry works having regard to the Safety Requirements for Forestry Works

SLI, social partners

2018–2019

 

7

7

 

 

State budget funds 

1.1.3.

Measure: Drafting amendments to the Regulations on the Fitting out of Workplaces at Construction Sites approved by Order of the Minister of Social Security and Labour and the Minister of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania No A1-22/D1-34 of 15 January 2008 ‘On the approval of the Regulations on the Fitting out of Workplaces at Construction Sites‘ by updating rights and responsibilities of HSW Coordinators

Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania (the ‘Ministry of Social Security and Labour‘), Ministry of Environment, SLI, social partners

2018

 

 

 

 

 

1.2.

Task: Formulating recommendations and providing practical measures to help ensure compliance with HSW regulations

1.2.1.

Measure: Analysing causes of accidents at work involving employees with less than one year service record with the employer

SLI

2017

 

 

 

 

 

1.2.2.

Measure: Formulating interactive methodological guidance online for the prevention of accidents at work involving employees with less than one year service record with the employer, having regard to occupational risks that have led to lethal and serious accidents and to the victims‘ age, and publish it on SLI‘s website and social networks. 

SLI

2018–2019

 

10

10

 

 

State budget funds 

1.2.3.

Measure: Formulating interactive methodological guidance online for the prevention of falls from a height in the construction sector and publish it on SLI‘s website and social networks.

SLI

2018–2019

 

10

10

 

 

State budget funds 

1.3.

Task: Developing, with the help of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), online interactive risk assessment tools (OiRA) and other tools based on information technologies (IT)

1.3.1.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for furniture production enterprises

SLI, social partners

2017

7

 

 

 

 

EU-OSHA funds

1.3.2.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for plastic articles production enterprises

SLI, social partners

2017

7

 

 

 

 

EU-OSHA funds

1.3.3.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for enterprises providing cleaning services

SLI, social partners

2017

7

 

 

 

 

EU-OSHA funds

1.3.4.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for enterprises providing sewing services

SLI, social partners

2017

7

 

 

 

 

EU-OSHA funds

1.3.5.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for quarry operating enterprises

SLI, social partners

2017

7

 

 

 

 

EU-OSHA funds

1.3.6.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for agricultural enterprises

SLI, social partners

2018

 

10

 

 

 

State budget funds 

1.3.7.

Measure: Developing an OiRA tool for educational establishments

SLI, social partners

2019

 

 

10

 

 

State budget funds 

1.4.

Task: Providing information to enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises, using all appropriate means such as awareness raising campaigns, training and exchange of best practices as well as various IT-based measures and social networks

1.4.1.

Measure: Organising round-table discussions/training for heads of enterprises and employees and providing consulting to them on matters of participation in management of the enterprise

SLI, social partners

2018–2021

 

 

 

 

 

1.4.2.

Measure: Improving the SLI website in order to increase its accessibility and dissemination of information, in particular to micro and small enterprises

SLI

2018–2019

 

10

5

 

 

State budget funds 

1.5.

Task: Ensuring effective implementation of HSW regulations and monitoring by the efficient methods, providing consulting, using new communications means as well as imposing effective, proportional and deterring sanctions

1.5.1.

Measure: Ensuring consistent control over compliance with HSW regulations on construction sites at enterprises engaged in construction works and ensuring prevention of falls from a height (during site inspections,  special questionnaires aimed at preventing falls from a height shall be used and information to social partners shall be provided)

SLI

2018–2021

 

 

 

 

 

1.6.

Task: Propagating HSW preventive measures in cooperation with social partners

1.6.1.

Measure: Implementing HSW information/consulting activities aimed at farmers and farm workers.

Ministry of Agriculture the Republic of Lithuania (the ‘Ministry of Agriculture‘)

2017–2020

12

12

12

12

 

Funds of the National Rural Development Programme for 2014–2020 and state budget funds 

1.6.2.

Measure: Implementing HSW information/consulting activities aimed at forestry sector workers and self-employed persons.

SLI, social partners

2018–2021

 

5

5

5

5

State budget funds 

1.6.3.

Measure: Organising an information campaign aimed at promoting responsible and safe behaviour of workers working at a height

SLI, social partners

2018–2019

 

50

10

 

 

State budget funds 

1.6.4.

Measure: Organising a promotional campaign aimed at promoting responsible and safe behaviour of workers with a less than one year record of work with the employer

SLI, social partners

2019–2020

 

 

50

10

 

State budget funds 

1.7.

Task: Providing information to enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises, about the benefits of proper HSW management

1.7.1.

Measure: Formulating online interactive methodological guidance for heads of micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry sector for the implementation of HSW measures at enterprises, considering potential occupational risks, and publish it on SLI website and social networks

SLI, social partners, higher educational establishments, scientific institutions

2018–2019

 

10

10

 

 

State budget funds 

1.7.2.

Measure: Formulating online interactive methodological guidance for heads of micro enterprises in the transport and warehousing  sector for the implementation of HSW measures at enterprises, considering potential occupational risks, and publishing it on SLI website and social networks

SLI, social partners, higher educational establishments, scientific institutions

2018–2019

 

10

10

 

 

State budget funds 

2.

Objective: Improving prevention of work-related diseases by eliminating existing, new and arising occupational risks (inter alia, psychosocial risk and risk related to the use of new technologies and materials) having regard to, inter alia, gender mainstreaming, and prevention of occupational and work-related diseases, in particular occupational cancers and diseases related to the use of other chemical substances as well as disorders of the skeletal-muscular system

2.1.

Task: Improving legal acts as part of implementation of policies and initiatives of preventing occupational and work-related diseases

2.1.1.

Measure: Drafting amendments to the Criteria for Diagnosing Occupational Diseases approved by Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania No V-1087 of 29 December 2007 ‚On the approval of the Criteria for Diagnosing Occupational Diseases‘

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Lithuania (the ‘Ministry of Health‘), Hygiene Institute, higher educational establishments

2018

 

12

 

 

 

State budget funds 

2.1.2.

Measure: Drafting amendments to the Methodological Guidance on the Investigation of Psychosocial Risks approved by Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania and the Minister of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania No V-699/A1-241 of 24 August 2005 ‘On the approval of the Methodological Guidance on the Investigation of Psychosocial Risks, having regard to changed working conditions and needs of enterprises, and adding provisions on the evaluation of psychosocial risks in ships in order to implement the International Labour Organisation‘s Maritime Labour Convention.

Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Hygiene Institute,
social partners

2018

 

10

 

 

 

State budget funds 

2.1.3.

Measure: Drafting amendments to the Lithuanian Medical Standard 73:2007 ‘Occupational Physician. Rights, Responsibilities, Competences and Liability’ approved by Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania No V-516 of 20 June 2007 ‘On the approval of the Lithuanian Medical Standard 73:2007 ‘Occupational Physician. Rights, Responsibilities, Competences and Liability‘.

Ministry of Health

2019

 

 

9

 

 

State budget funds 

2.1.4.

Measure: Drafting amendments to the Methodological Guidance on the Investigation of Ergonomic  Risks approved by Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania and the Minister of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania No V-592/A1-210 of 15 July 2005 ‘On the approval of the Methodological Guidance on the Investigation of Ergonomic Risks‘, having regard to changed working conditions and needs of enterprises

Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Hygiene Institute,
social partners

2020

 

 

 

10

 

State budget funds 

2.2.

Task: Improving HSW for workers of relevant categories that are exposed to specific occupational risks

2.2.1.

Measure: Upon assessing ergonomic occupational risks that have led to occupational diseases diagnosed in 2010-2015, prepared an online interactive guide on the implementation of HSW measures at enterprises, considering potential occupational risks to which the workers are exposed, and publishing it on SLI website and social networks.

SLI, social partners

2020–2021

 

 

 

10

10

State budget funds 

2.3.

Task: Promoting the application of measures of employees‘ health promotion and welfare at work at workplaces having regard to the needs of vulnerable employee groups and age-related needs as well as related risks

2.3.1.

Measure: Preparing informational and methodological publications on health promotion and ensuring welfare at work having regard to the needs of vulnerable employee groups and age-related needs, and publish them on the website of the Hygiene Institute.

Hygiene Institute, social partners

2017–2021

8

8

8

8

8

State budget funds 

2.4.

Task: Disseminating best practices related to the prevention of mental health issues at work

2.4.1.

Measure: Presenting results of investigations into the impact of working environment upon mental health to representatives of enterprises concerned.

Hygiene Institute

2017–2021

5

5

5

5

5

State budget funds 

2.5.

Task: Increasing access to quality occupational health care services, in particular, for micro and small enterprises

2.5.1.

Measure: Formulating procedures for occupational health care specialists in accordance with the Model Regulations on Enterprises‘ Health and Safety at Works Services approved by Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania and the Minister of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania No A1-266/V-575 of 2 June 2011 ‘On the approval of the Model Regulations on Enterprises‘ Health and Safety at Works Services‘

Hygiene Institute, Ministry of Health, social partners

2017

20

 

 

 

 

State budget funds 

2.5.2.

Measure: Developing a model for the provision of occupational health care services to micro and small enterprises.

Ministry of Health,
Hygiene Institute, social partners

2019

 

 

15

 

 

State budget funds 

2.5.3.

Measure: Compiling a list of indicators for the monitoring of occupational health care activities

Hygiene Institute

2021

 

 

 

 

5

State budget funds 

2.6.

Task: Improving monitoring of work-related occupational diseases

2.6.1.

Measure: Conduct a work-related health issues monitoring feasibility study, considering best practices of the Nordic Countries

Hygiene Institute

2021

 

 

 

 

12

State budget funds 

3.

Objective: Ensuring appropriate competences of SLI inspectors and occupational healthcare specialists for dealing with new arising tasks

3.1.

Task: Organising HSW training for SLI inspectors, in particular, on new occupational risks and new technologies

3.1.1.

Measure: Organising training for SLI inspectors in order to build their capacities to effectively and efficiently carry out inspections of construction sites

SLI

2018–2021

 

7

7

7

7

State budget funds 

3.1.2.

Measure: Organising training for SLI inspectors in order to build their capacities to identify occupational risks at workplaces and to assess efficiency of risk elimination/reduction measures.

SLI

2018–2021

 

7

7

7

7

State budget funds 

3.2.

Task: Organising improvement of competences of occupational health specialists

3.2.1.

Measure: Organising skills improvement events for enterprises’ occupational health specialists

Hygiene Institute

2017–2021

5

5

5

5

5

State budget funds 

3.2.2.

Measure: Organising skills improvement events on occupational medicine and occupational health for physicians carrying out mandatory health checks for employees and other physicians. 

Hygiene Institute

2017–2021

5

5

5

5

5

State budget funds 

4.

Objective: Improving employers’ and employees’ HSW training

4.1.

Task: Organising checks of HSW knowledge of employers and employers’ representatives

4.1.1.

Measure: Developing and implementing a system for the checking of HSW knowledge of employers and employers‘ representatives

SLI, Ministry of Social Security and Labour

2018–2019

 

50

50

 

 

State budget funds 


SECTION IV
ACTION PLAN’S EVALUATION CRITERIA AND THEIR VALUES

Objectives’ and tasks’ evaluation criteria

Values of evaluation criteria

Entities responsible for implementation

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

Objective 1: Improving the HSW legal framework and implementation of HSW regulations at enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises and, in particular, by strengthening their capacities for implementing efficient occupational risk prevention measures

Task 1.1: Improving legal acts and implementing accidents at work prevention policy and initiatives

P-1-1-1 Requirements prepared, number

 

at least
1

 

 

 

Ministry of Environment

P-1-1-2 Guidance prepared, number

 

 

at least
1

 

 

SLI

P-1-1-3 Order drafted, number

 

at least
1

 

 

 

Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Ministry of Environment, SLI, social partners

Task 1.2: Formulating recommendations and providing practical measures to help ensure compliance with HSW regulations

P-1-2-1 Guidance prepared, number

 

 

at least
2

 

 

SLI

Task 1.3: Developing, with the help of EU-OSHA, OiRA tools and other IT-based tools

P-1-3-1 OiRA tool developed, number

at least
5

at least
1

at least
1

 

 

SLI, social partners

Task 1.4: Providing information to enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises, using any appropriate means such as awareness raising campaigns, training and exchange of best practices as well as various IT-based measures and social networks

P-1-4-1 Training/discussion held, number

 

at least
4

at least
4

at least
4

at least
4

SLI

Task 1.5: Ensuring effective implementation of HSW regulations and monitoring by the efficient methods, providing consulting, using new communications means as well as imposing effective, proportional and deterring sanctions

P-1-5-1 Inspections carried out /prevention questionnaires completed, number

 

at least
500/500

at least
500/500

at least
500/500

at least
500/500

SLI

Task 1.6:: Propagating HSW preventive measures in cooperation with social partners

P-1-6-1 Farmers or farm workers trained under HSW programmes, number

at least
70

at least
70

at least
70

at least
70

 

Ministry of Agriculture

P-1-6-2 Farmers to whom HSW consulting was provided, number

at least
80

at least
80

at least
80

at least
80

 

Ministry of Agriculture

P-1-6-3 Series of consulting to entities / information campaign implemented, number

 

at least
4/1

at least
4/1

at least
4

at least
4

SLI, social partners

Task 1.7: Providing information to enterprises, in particular micro and small enterprises, about the benefits of proper HSW management

P-1-7-1 Methodological guidance prepared, number

 

 

at least
2

 

 

SLI, social partners

Objective 2: Improving prevention of work-related diseases by eliminating existing, new and arising occupational risks (inter alia, psychosocial risk and risk related to the use of new technologies and materials) having regard to, inter alia, gender mainstreaming, and prevention of occupational and work-related diseases, in particular occupational cancers and diseases related to the use of other chemical substances as well as disorders of the skeletal-muscular system

Task 2.1: Improving legal acts as part of implementation of policies and initiatives of preventing occupational and work-related diseases

P-2-1-1 Order drafted, number

 

at least
1

 

 

 

Ministry of Health, Hygiene Institute, higher educational establishments

P-2-1-2 Order drafted, number

 

at least
1

 

 

 

Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Hygiene Institute, social partners

P-2-1-3 Order drafted, number

 

 

at least
1

 

 

Ministry of Health

P-2-1-4 Order drafted, number

 

 

 

at least
1

 

Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Security and Labour, Hygiene Institute, social partners

Task 2.2: Improving HSW for workers of relevant categories that are exposed to specific occupational risks

P-2-2-1 Guide prepared, number

 

 

 

 

at least
1

SLI, social partners

Task 2.3: Promoting the application of measures of employees‘ health promotion and welfare at work at workplaces having regard to the needs of vulnerable employee groups and age-related needs as well as related risks

P-2-3-1 Informational/methodological publication, number

at least
1

at least
1

at least
1

at least
1

at least
1

Hygiene Institute, social partners

Task 2.4: Disseminating best practices related to the prevention of mental health issues at work

P-2-4-1 Events at which results of investigations into the impact of working environment on mental health were presented, number

at least
2

at least
2

at least
2

at least
2

at least
2

Hygiene Institute

Task 2.5: Increasing access to quality occupational health care services, in particular, for micro and small enterprises

P-2-5-1 Procedure prepared, number

at least
1

 

 

 

 

Hygiene Institute, Ministry of Health, social partners

P-2-5-2 Occupational healthcare services provision model for micro and small enterprises developed, number

 

 

at least
1

 

 

Ministry of Health,
Hygiene Institute, social partners

P-2-5-3 List of indicators prepared, number

 

 

 

 

at least
1

Hygiene Institute

Task 2.6: Improving monitoring of work-related occupational diseases

P-2-6-1 Study completed, number

 

 

 

 

at least
1

Hygiene Institute

Objective 3: Ensuring appropriate competences of SLI inspectors and occupational healthcare specialists for dealing with new arising tasks

Task 3.1: Organising HSW training for SLI inspectors, in particular, on new occupational risks and new technologies

P-3-1-1 Training held, number

 

at least
4

at least
4

at least
4

at least
4

SLI

Task 3.2: Organising improvement of competences of occupational health specialists

P-3-2-1 Event organised at which skills improvement certificates issued, number

at least
3

at least
3

at least
3

at least
3

at least
3

Hygiene Institute

Objective 4: Improving employers’ and employees’ HSW training

Task 4.1: Organising checks of HSW knowledge of employers and employers’ representatives

P-4-1-1 System implemented, number

 

 

at least
1

 

 

SLI, Ministry of Social Security and Labour

_______________________________

 

Maximum Work Periods and Minimum Rest Periods

Article 144 of the Labour Code of the Republic of Lithuania states that working time may not exceed 40 hours per week. Daily working time must not exceed 8 working hours. Laws, Government resolutions and collective agreements may establish exceptions (but only shorter working time). On the other hand, for employees employed under two or more employment contracts, the daily working time may not be longer than 12 hours. However, maximum working time, including overtime, must not exceed 48 hours per 7 days, even if summary recording is used, in which case the average maximum working week may not exceed 48 hours.
The following rest periods are also established in the Labour Code: 1) a rest and meal break; 2) additional and special rest breaks during the working day (shift); 3) an uninterrupted daily rest period between working days (shifts); 4) an uninterrupted weekly rest period; and 5) an annual rest period (public holidays plus annual leave).
1) Rest and meal break
Article 158 of the Labour Code states that employees shall be granted a break of maximum two hours and minimum half an hour to rest and to eat. This break shall be provided, as a rule, after half of the working day/shift but not later than after four working hours.
2) An uninterrupted daily rest period between working days (shifts)
Article 160 of the Labour Code states that the duration of uninterrupted rest between working days/shifts may not be shorter than 11 consecutive hours per 24-hour period.
3) An uninterrupted weekly rest period
Article 160 of the Labour Code states that an uninterrupted weekly rest period shall not be shorter than 35 hours.

Minimum Paid Annual Holidays

Under Article 166 of the Labour Code the minimum annual leave is 28 calendar days. Longer annual leave totalling 35 calendar days must be granted to:
1) employees under 18 years of age;
2) employees who, as single parents, are raising a child under the age of 14 or a disabled child under the age of 18;
3) disabled persons;
4) other persons provided for by law.
Annual leave may not be shortened for part-time employees.

The Minimum Rates of Pay, Including Overtime Rates

Article 187 of the Labour Code lays down that the hourly pay or the monthly wage of an employee may not be less than the minimum rates established by the Government, on the recommendation of the Tripartite Council. On the recommendation of the Tripartite Council, the Government may establish different minimum rates of hourly pay and the minimum monthly wage for different sectors of the economy, regions or categories of employees. Collective and labour agreements may establish only higher minimum wage rates. Article 193 of the Labour Code states that remuneration for overtime work must be at least one and a half times the hourly pay (or monthly wages) established for the employee.
Under Government resolution No 644 of 22 June 2015, the minimum hourly wage is €2.32 and the minimum monthly wage €380.

Protective measures with regard to the terms and conditions of employment of young people, pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and are breast feeding

Additional breaks:
Employees under 18 years of age, who work for more than four hours, must be granted an additional break of at least 30 minutes to rest during their working time. This break shall be included in their working time;
In addition to the general break to rest and to eat, a breast-feeding woman shall be at least every three hours given at least 30-minute breaks to breast-feed. At the mother’s request the breaks for breast-feeding may be joined or added to the break to rest and eat or given at the end of the working day, shortening the working day accordingly. Payment for these breaks to breast-feed shall be calculated according to the average daily pay of the employer.
Additional guarantees of working time:
Pregnant women, women who have recently given birth, women who breastfeed, may be assigned to do overtime work only with their consent. Overtime work can not be assigned to persons under 18 years of age;
Working at night shall be prohibited for persons under 18 years of age. Pregnant women, women who have recently given birth, women who breastfeed, may be assigned to work at night only with their consent;
Persons under 18 years of age, pregnant women and employees raising, as single parents, a child before he has reached the age of fourteen or a disabled child before he has reached the age of eighteen shall be entitled to choose the time of annual leave after six months of uninterrupted work at an enterprise.
Additional guarantees of safety and health at work:
Pregnant women or women who have recently given birth or breast-feeding women may not be assigned to perform work in the conditions that may be hazardous and affect the health of the woman or the child. In compliance with the list of hazardous conditions of work and working environment risk assessment results, the employer must establish the nature and duration of potential effect to safety and health of woman who has recently given birth and breast-feeding woman. Upon assessment of the potential effect, the employer must take necessary measures to ensure that the above risk is eliminated.
Employment of persons who are under 18 years of age shall be prohibited for:
1) work which is beyond their physical and psychological capacity;
2) work involving exposure to agents which are toxic, carcinogenic, cause genetic mutation or are harmful to health;
3) work involving possible exposure to ionising radiation or other hazardous and (or) harmful agents;
4) work involving a higher risk of accidents or occupational diseases and work which young person might not be able to perform safely due to lack of experience or attention to safety.

Prohibition of discrimination at work

It is prohibited discriminate employees irrespective of their gender, sexual orientation, race, national origin, language, origin, citizenship and social status, religion, marital and family status, age, opinions or views, political party or public organisation membership, factors unrelated to the employee's professional qualities.

Health, safety and hygiene at work

Law on Safety and Health at Work.

Procedure for the provision of information about posted workers

- An employer posting a worker from the EU Member State or from another state to temporarily perform work in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania for longer than 30 days or to perform construction works, shall submit to the State Labour Inspectorate territorial office of the place of performance of the work functions a report in the set form in the Lithuanian language concerning the guarantees applied for posted workers. Where the worker is being posted to temporarily perform work functions at more than one enterprise owned by natural or legal persons, the report shall state each natural/legal person accepting the posted worker.

- The report shall be submitted by post or by fax not later than 5 days prior to commencement of work by the posted worker in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania. In extraordinary unforeseen cases (e. g., the worker is posted to perform urgent works of repairing/rehabilitation of mechanisms or installations where a large number of workers would have to stop work or faults of materials/equipment may occur as a result of malfunction of the mechanisms/installations), the report shall be submitted on the first day of work of the posted worker in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania.

- The thirty-day period shall be counted by summing up the time of work of the posted worker in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania irrespective of the number of natural/legal persons in whose enterprises he/she has worked during that period. Where the period between separate postings of the worker to the Republic of Lithuania is shorter than 30 days, the aforesaid period shall be counted by summing up all the period of posting (excluding the time of breaks between periods of work in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania).

- In case of change, after the submission of the report, of the length of posting period or other conditions of posting, the employer shall immediately submit an adjustment report in accordance with this Procedure; in case of cancellation of posting, the employer shall immediately notify the State Labour Inspectorate territorial office of the place of performance of the work functions by sending a notification in free form.

National acts concerning prior declaration about posting of workers


Procedure for the Provision of Information about Posted Workers

Report on a Worker Posted to Perform Work in the Republic of Lithuania

Contact person:
Aras Petrevičius, Senior Labour Inspector,
+37052137968, aras.petrevicius@vdi.lt

What is an individual labour dispute?
Individual labour disputes are considered to be a conflict between an employer and an employee over unpaid wages, uncompensated material damage, disciplinary penalties, not provided holidays, and so on. It should be noted that the legality issues of an employee's dismissal or the return to office shall be settled in the court, as earlier.

What is a labour dispute committee?
Labour dispute committee is a mandatory pre-trial dispute settlement body specialized in individual labour disputes. Lithuania has 14 labour dispute committees: 5 in Vilnius, 3 in Kaunas, 2 in Klaipeda, 1 in Siauliai, Panevezys, Alytus and Telsiai. Utena, Marijampole, Taurage Counties are represented by (respectively) Panevezys, Alytus and Telsiai labour dispute committees. The committees are set up at the National Labour Inspectorate (NLI) territorial divisions.

Who can refer to the labour dispute committee?
Both employees and employers can refer to the labour dispute committees if their rights are violated.

What documents are required to submit when requesting to examine the individual labour dispute?
The most important is to present an application of established form with a detailed description of the situation. Other documents should be provided as well: contracts of employment, payrolls and so on.

How are labour disputes investigated and decisions made?
Upon receiving an application from the employee or the employer, the committee will meet him and, if necessary, will question employees of the company, gather other relevant information. On the appointed day, both parties - the employer and the employee - of the dispute will be invited to the committee meeting. The aim of the meeting is to reconcile the two parties. If this fails, the committee shall vote for the decision. All the members' votes have equal rights, i.e. none of them has a casting vote. The committee may take the decision in the absence of one of the parties at the meeting.

How long does it take for the committee to resolve an individual labour dispute?
The committee must resolve the labour dispute within one month from receiving the appeal. In some cases, this time limit may be extended to one more month.

Do I have to pay for labour dispute resolution?
No, this administrative service of the state is free.

How are the interests of employees and employers represented?
In order to resolve labour disputes efficiently and transparently, there are both employers' and employees' (trade union) representatives in the committee. They are appointed by rotation from the list created by the Tripartite Council Secretariat and approved by the Republic of Lithuania chief state labour inspector.

What if the labour dispute committee's decision is unsatisfactory?
Decisions made by the Labour Dispute Committee are binding for the parties and enforceable under the regulations of civil procedure. However, if the employee or the employer disagrees with the labour dispute committee decision, they can appeal to the court, where the labour dispute will be reviewed.

Is the court guided by the decision of labour dispute committee when investigating an individual dispute?
No one can influence the courts' decisions, the court case will be considered on its merits. However, the judge will be able to rely on the material on the subject of the dispute and its resolution collected by the labour dispute committee.

The contact details of labour dispute boards (Lith. DGK):

Vilniaus I DGK - (8 5) 210 4733
Vilniaus II DGK - (8 5) 2104746
Vilniaus III DGK - (8 5) 210 4731
Vilniaus IV DGK - (8 5) 233 7839
Vilniaus V DGK - (8 5) 210 4742
Kauno I DGK - (8 37) 328 166
Kauno II DGK - (8 37) 328 171
Kauno III DGK - (8 37) 328 184
Klaipėdos I DGK - (8 46) 495 545
Klaipėdos II DGK - (8 46) 494 759
Šiaulių DGK - (8 41) 523 702
Panevėžio DGK - (8 45) 433 615
Alytaus DGK - (8 315) 75 320
Telšių DGK - (8 444) 53 225

Article 2, paragraph 14:

"14. An incident is a work-related event, during which the employee does not suffer any damage to his health or does not lose working capacity due to suffered damage."

Article 2, paragraph 15:

"15. An event at work, during which the employee suffers damage to his health is an event, including a traffic accident, for which an employee suffers damage to his health or for which an employee dies, and which is investigated according to the established procedure in order to determine the causal relationship with work and is then recognized or not recognized as a workplace accident."

Article 2, paragraph 21:

"21. Workplace accident is an event at work, including a traffic accident, while performing work tasks or being at the workplace, for which an employee suffers damage to his health and becomes incapable to work for at least one day or dies, and which is investigated and recognized as a workplace accident."

Article 2, paragraph 22:

"22. An accident on the way to or from work is an event, including a traffic accident, when an employee is travelling to or from work on the employee's working days on the way between the workplace and:
1) place of residence;
2) place outside of the company's premises at which the employee may be for a break and meal time;
3) place outside of work, where the employee is paid his wage;
4) any other workplace. In this case, an accident on the way to work is investigated by the committee appointed by the employer to whom the employee went."

Article 42, paragraph 1:

"1. Workplace accidents and accidents on the way to or from work are divided into minor, serious and fatal according to their consequences:
1) minor workplace accident is an accident at work, which is not in the category of serious or fatal workplace accidents;
2) serious workplace accident is an accident at work which gravely damages an employee's health. Features classified as pertaining to serious damage to the health are approved by the Minister of Health;
3) fatal workplace accident is an accident at work due to which the employee dies."

Article 43:

"Article 43. Reporting an accident on the way to or from work, workplace events, during which workers are exposed to health hazards, incidents and occupational diseases

1. An employee who was injured during an event at work, for which the employee has suffered damage to his health, during an accident on the way to or from work, or due to acute occupational disease, if able, as well as an employee who has seen the event or its consequences, must immediately notify the head of division, an employer's representative, occupational safety and health service provider or occupational safety and health specialist. The incidents are reported according to the procedures established by the company.

2. An employer's representative or a person authorized by the employer must immediately notify the relevant territorial office and the State Labour Inspectorate about all events at the workplace for which the employee died, or through which his health was seriously damaged. In cases of acute occupational disease for which an employee has died, the employer's representative or a person authorized by the employer must immediately report to the National Public Health Centre under the Ministry of Health.

3. The doctor who suspects a chronic occupational disease, no later than in 3 days must notify the employer, the State Labour Inspectorate and the National Public Health Centre under the Ministry of Health in writing.

4. The employer's representative or a person authorized by the employer shall immediately notify the State Labour Inspectorate about the event at workplace for which the employee has suffered damage to his health, but was not gravely damaged, about an accident on the way to or from work, when there are not enough people to create a bilateral committee referred to in this Law, Article 44 paragraph 2

5. The procedure of notifying about events at work, for which the workers are exposed to health hazards, accidents on the way to or from work and occupational diseases, and their registration is laid down in the relevant regulations of investigation and registration of Workplace accidents and Occupational diseases".

Article 44:

"Article 44. Investigation of workplace accidents, for which employees are exposed to health hazards, incidents, accidents on the way to or from work, and occupational diseases

1. An event at work, for which an employee is exposed to health damage, an accident on the way to or from work must be investigated and the results recorded according to the Workplace accident investigation and registration regulations. The incident is investigated and registered according to the procedures established by the company. The circumstances and reasons of a workplace accident for which the employer was exposed to health hazards and ways to prevent the causes of similar events are determined during the investigation.

2. An event at work, for which the employee suffered damage to his health, but was not gravely injured, an accident on the way to or from work are investigated by the bilateral committee approved by the order of the representative or another document, consisting of the representative(s) of safety and health of the employer (appointed by the employer's representative) and the employee.

3. The event at work, for which an employee suffers damage to his health or dies, is investigated by the State Labour Inspectorate, in the presence of representatives of safety and health of the employer and the employee. The State Labour Inspectorate shall also investigate the accident at work, for which the employee has suffered damage to his health, but was not gravely injured, and an accident on the way to or from work, when there is not enough staff at the company for a bilateral committee referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, or when the employer or the employee in disagreement with the investigation act of the workplace accident or the accident on the way to or from work investigated by the bilateral committee submits a complaint to the chief state labour inspector.

4. An event at work, for which the employee suffers damage to his health or dies from work-unrelated illness or in an attempt to kill himself when violence is used against him, if the circumstances and motives of the violent act are unrelated to work, when an employee makes a criminal offence or arbitrarily (without employer’s knowledge) works for himself (his own interests), is not recognized as a workplace accident.

5. A case of occupational disease must be investigated, the findings of occupational disease cause investigation and confirmation must be listed in the investigation act of occupational disease cause and the confirmation act of an occupational disease according to the procedure determined in the Occupational disease investigation and registration regulations.

6. An employee or an authorized person may take part in the investigation of the event at work, which results in harm to health, or accident on the way to or from work, or occupational disease, has the right to access the investigation file, must get the investigation act of the workplace accident, or accident on the way to or from work, or causes of occupational disease and the act of occupational disease confirmation.

7. If the employee or the employer disagrees with investigation acts of the accident at work, or an accident on the way to or from work, or causes of occupational disease, he can appeal to the chief state labour inspector. Chief state labour inspector's decision on the requests, which appealed against the investigation acts of the accidents at work, or an accident on the way to or from work, or causes of occupational disease may be appealed to the Court of Administrative Proceedings in accordance with law.

9. The event at work for which an employee incurs damage to his health, or for which 3 or more employees died, are investigated by a committee. The chairman of this committee is the the chief state labour inspector; the members: chief state labour inspector deputy, Head of State Labour Inspectorate Territorial Division and 2 labour inspectors of this division. During the investigation, the representatives of the employer and of the employee must participate.

10. Acute occupational diseases for which 3 or more employees died are investigated by a committee. The chairman of this committee is the the chief state labour inspector; the members: the head (or his deputy) or his appointed representatives of the National Public Health Centre under the Ministry of Health, the head of State Labour Inspectorate Territorial Department, the inspector of the State Labour Inspectorate Territorial Department. During the investigation, the representative of safety and health of the employer and of the employee must participate.

Article 45, paragraph 5:

"5. All events at work, for which the employee is exposed to health hazards, accidents on the way to or from work, and occupational diseases are registered according to the regulations of workplace accident investigation and registration, and the occupational diseases investigation and registration."

Description of the provisions of the Labour

Safety and health at work

Occupational safety and health law of the Republic of Lithuania, articles related to accidents at work

Information about labour dispute committee

Persons service. Complaints and reports.

  LAW ON THE STATE LABOUR INSPECTORATE OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

14 October 2003 No. IX-1768
Vilnius

                                                                             CHAPTER ONE

                                                              GENERAL PROVISIONS

             Article 1. Purpose of the Law

          This Law shall establish the objectives, functions and structure of the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the „State Labour Inspectorate“), as well as rights, duties and responsibilities of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate and procedures of conducting inspections.

            Article 2. Legal status of the State Labour Inspectorate

         1. The State Labour Inspectorate is a state control institution enjoying the rights of a legal entity, functioning under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour.

         2. The State Labour Inspectorate is a budgetary institution financed from the state budget of the Republic of Lithuania, possessing its own bank accounts, the seal comprising the State‘s emblem and its own name.

           Article 3. Legal grounds of activities of the State Labour Inspectorate

In its activities the State Labour Inspectorate shall observe the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, international treaties of the Republic of Lithuania, the Labour Code of the Republic of Lithuania, this Law, as well as other laws and standard acts regulating occupational safety and health as well as labour relations.

         Article 4. Remit of competence of the State Labour Inspectorate  

       The remit of competence of the State Labour Inspectorate includes the prevention of accidents at work, occupational diseases, violations of occupational safety and health, standard acts on labour law and control of the Labour Code of the Republic of Lithuania, laws and other standard  acts regulating occupational safety and health as well as labour relations in enterprises, institutions, organisations or other organisational structures, irrespective of their forms of ownership, type, nature of activity, also in these cases when an employer is a natural person (hereinafter referred to as the „employers“).

                                                                                     CHAPTER TWO

                   STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE STATE LABOUR INSPECTORATE

 

          Article 5. Structure of the State Labour Inspectorate

        1. The State Labour Inspectorate shall be headed by the chief state labour inspector of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the „chief state labour inspector“).

        2. The State Labour Inspectorate shall consist of the administration and territorial divisions. The administration shall consist of the chief state labour inspector and his deputies as well as divisions and services coordinating and organising activities of the State Labour Inspectorate, acting in accordance with regulations of divisions and services.

        3. The number and subordination of divisions and services of the administration as well as territorial divisions (hereinafter referred to as the „structural subdivisions“) shall be established by approval of the structure of the State Labour Inspectorate. Sectors, uniting specialists of certain activities may be established within the structural subdivisions.

        4. In their activities structural subdivisions shall follow regulations, establishing the purpose, objectives and functions of the structural subdivisions.

           Article 6. Functions of the State Labour Inspectorate  

The State Labour Inspectorate within the remit of its competence shall:

         1) inspect if employers comply with regulatory provisions of laws regulating occupational safety and health  as well as labour relations, other standard acts and collective agreements, and issue ordinances and notices for employers;

         2) inspect if occupational safety and health services as well as committees are established following the provisioned procedure and how internal control of occupational safety and health status is organised;

          3) inspect if used work equipment, workstations, technological processes, working conditions comply with the requirements of laws or other standard acts, execute control how the procedure and terms of inspection of technical status of potentially dangerous equipment are met, if ongoing supervision of this equipment is effected, also if traffic of transport in enterprises is duly organised;

        4) inspect if works of mining, blasting, extraction and processing of mineral resources, geological borings, seismic explorations, processing of flammable gas, chemistry, oil, as well as technological processes during which cases of blasting, fire or poisoning are probable, are performed in a safe manner and submit conclusions, ordinances, notices as well as proposals for employers in the manner prescribed by laws and other standard acts;

        5) inspect if employers organise manufacturing and use of hazardous and dangerous substances in a safe manner, if measures of industrial accidents prevention are implemented duly;

        6) inspect if employers identify hazards, carry out risk analysis and assessment;

        7) inspect if ancillary, sanitary and hygiene premises, collective measures for occupational safety and health are installed, if personal protective equipment is issued and used following the established procedure, if requirements of hygienic norms are duly observed, if lists of persons, who must undergo compulsory medical examination are compiled correctly, if employers organise compulsory medical examinations for employees following the established procedure;

        8) inspect the application of safety and health guarantees, organisation of work and rest for persons under 18 years of age, pregnant women,  women who have recently given birth, breast-feeding women and working disabled persons as established by laws and other standard acts;

       9) investigate the causes and circumstances of serious and fatal accidents. In cases of serious and fatal accidents, inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall submit the materials of investigation of accident at work to a law enforcement institution. Inspect if the established procedure of investigation of accidents at work is observed, if employers introduce preventive measures in order to prevent accidents at work and cases of occupational diseases;

      10) organise and together with representatives of health surveillance institutions investigate circumstances and causes of occupational diseases;

       11) record serious and fatal accidents at work, compile the information received from employers on minor accidents at work, following the established procedure file statements of investigation of accidents at work and causes of occupational diseases;

       12) examine the calculation and payment of the compensation for damage to an employee’s health in cases when employers are responsible for payment of the compensation;

       13) following the established procedure, participate in the investigation of industrial accidents to installations and objects;

      14) analyse circumstances and causes of accidents at work, occupational diseases, industrial accidents, infringements of occupational safety and health, develop proposals on improvement of the status of occupational safety and health in the country;

      15) investigate applications and complaints within the remit of competence of the State Labour Inspectorate, ensure the confidentiality of applicants;

      16) execute control of appearances of illegal work, following the procedure established by the Government, coordinate the activities of institutions executing the control of illegal work;

      17) present conclusions concerning training programmes on occupational safety and health under preparation, intended for training of employees, operating potentially dangerous equipment, performing ongoing mandatory supervision of this equipment during its utilisation, employers’ representatives, persons authorised by employers, specialists of occupational safety and health services, participate in testing of their knowledge. Inspect if employees are instructed, trained, attested on issues of occupational safety and health;

      18) submit comments and proposals regarding draft standard acts under preparation in the fields of occupational safety and health, labour relations;

      19) analyse practice of application of labour laws, standard acts on occupational safety and health, submit proposals regarding amendments to laws or other standard acts in force;

     20) provide consultations to employees, workers’ representatives,  employers’ representatives, persons authorised by employers on issues of compliance with the requirements of occupational safety and health, labour laws, conclusion of collective agreements as well as other issues;

      21) following the established procedure, participate in acknowledgment of workplaces, their subdivisions or newly established workplaces as suitable for exploitation;

     22) administer the State Register of Potentially Dangerous Equipment, organise preparation of draft standard acts on supervision of potentially dangerous equipment;

     23) at the end of the calendar year, prepare report on the status of occupational safety and health and the implementation of labour laws; and submit it to the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania and the Occupational Safety and Health Commission of the Republic of Lithuania before the 1st of June. Prepare yearly report on the implementation of the International Labour Organisation Convention No. 81 „Labour Inspection in Industry and Commerce“, submit information to the Ministry of Social Security and Labour on compliance with other ratified conventions of this organisation in the country, related to occupational safety and health as well as labour relations;

The wording of paragraph 24  till 1 January 2011:

       24) carry out other functions established by other standard acts.

The article is supplemented with a new paragraph 24, former paragraph 24 shall be considered to be paragraph 25 as from 1 January 2011:

       24) following the procedure established by the Government or an institution authorised thereof, shall submit data to the State Social Insurance Fund Board under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour (hereinafter referred to as the „State Social Insurance Fund Board”) for establishment of the number of the tariff groups of social insurance contributions against accidents at work and occupational diseases as well as for the calculation of tariffs of contributions of this insurance regarding the following issues: that work equipment, working conditions do not comply with the requirements established by the standard acts, on the identified violations of standard acts on occupational safety and health, on the number of accidents at work which occurred during the performance of dangerous works,  as well as on the number of employees carrying out dangerous works in the relevant enterprise;

Note. Provisions of paragraph 24 Article 6 on submitting of data on non-compliance of work equipment, working conditions to the requirements established by standard acts on occupational safety and health shall come into force from 1 January 2012.

       25) carry out other functions established by other standard acts.

                                                                                    CHAPTER THREE

                             INSPECTORS OF THE STATE LABOUR INSPECTORATE

         Article 7. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate

       1. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall be the following:

       1) chief state labour inspector;

       2) deputies of the chief state labour inspector;

       3) heads of divisions – chief labour inspectors;

       4) deputy heads of divisions – chief labour inspectors;

       5) chief labour inspectors;

       6) senior labour inspectors;

       7) labour inspectors.

       2. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall be liable for misconduct in office following the procedures established by the Law on Public Service. 

       3. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall be supplied with workstations equipped according to the established requirements, also means of transportation, expedient for carrying out of official duties in cases when there is no possibility to make use of public transport. Expenses for public transport as well as other expenses incurred by inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate in relation with the performance of official duties shall be compensated with the appropriations assigned to the State Labour Inspectorate for this purpose.

         Article 8. Chief state labour inspector

       1. The State Labour Inspectorate shall be headed by the chief state labour inspector, who is appointed to and dismissed from office by the Minister of Social Security and Labour following the procedure established by the Law on Public Service. The chief state labour inspector shall be directly subordinated and accountable to the Minister of Social Security and Labour.

       2. The chief state labour inspector shall:

       1) organise the work of the State Labour Inspectorate, be responsible for its activities, organise use of appropriations received from the state, establish the procedure of carrying out of internal audit;

       2) represent the State Labour Inspectorate;

       3) approve the structure of the State Labour Inspectorate, Rules of Operation of the State Labour Inspectorate, regulations of structural subdivisions as well as job descriptions, templates of ordinances, protocols, decisions as well as other documents within the remits of his competence, authorise one of his deputies to execute duties of the chief state labour inspector in his absence;

       4) establish structural subdivisions of the State Labour Inspectorate;

       5) examine requests and complaints of citizens and persons regarding the actions of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate as well as the legitimacy of decisions adopted thereof;

       6) establish regimes of working time for subdivisions of the State Labour Inspectorate taking into consideration the specifics of their activities;

       7) issue orders, within the remits of his competence approve standard acts on issues of occupational safety and health;

       8) establish the procedure of prohibition to use work and personal protective equipment in cases when they do not meet the requirements of standard acts on occupational safety and health;

       9) following the procedures provisioned by laws, appoint to and dismiss from office public servants of the State Labour Inspectorate, appoint to and dismiss from office employees working under employment contracts, provide incentives and impose upon them official or disciplinary sanctions;

      10) authorise inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate to represent the State Labour Inspectorate in other institutions, establishments or organisations as well as courts;

The wording of paragraph 11 till 1 January 2011:

       11) carry out assignments of the Minister of Social Security and Labour.

Part 2 is supplemented with a new paragraph 11, former paragraph 11 shall be considered to be paragraph 12 as from 1 January 2011:

       11) participate in the meetings of the State Social Insurance Fund Board and submit his opinion when issues under discussion are related to the tariffs of contributions of social insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases, assignment of assurers to relevant groups of tariffs of contributions of this insurance as well as funds, allocated for prevention of accidents at work and occupational diseases;

       12) carry out assignments of the Minister of Social Security and Labour.

       3. The chief state labour inspector shall have the right to:

       1) submit proposals to the Minister of Social Security and Labour regarding the submission of drafts of standard acts to the Government, with the effect of suspending and (or) abolishment of decisions of state institutions or establishments, contradicting the labour laws as well as other standard acts regulating labour relations;

       2) request the employers, employers’ representatives as well as the persons authorised by employers to eliminate identified violations of standard acts on occupational safety and health or other regulatory acts as well as to introduce preventive measures with the aim to improve status of occupational safety and health;

       3) following the established procedure, to participate in sittings of the Government and express his opinion when issues related to the competencies of the State Labour Inspectorate are under consideration;

       4) request that the employer’s representative, a person authorised by the employer for occupational safety and health (head of the subdivision or any other official of the administration, who has been authorised by the employer’s representative to implement the requirements on occupational safety and health in the relevant enterprise and (or) structural subdivision of the enterprise (hereinafter referred to as the „person authorised by the employer“) should re-take the examination of knowledge in the field of occupational safety and health.

          Article 9. Rights and duties of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate

        1. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall have the following rights:

       1) upon presentation of the certificate of employment and authorisation, to enter any work station freely and without prior notification at any time of the day and to inspect the compliance with the requirements laid down in labour laws, standard acts on occupational safety and health or other regulatory acts;

       2) to obtain data and documents (copies, extracts thereof) and other evidence from the employer, which are expedient for execution of the functions of the State Labour Inspectorate;

       3) to get explanations orally or in writing from employers‘ representatives, persons authorised by employers, employees as well as from other persons present in the workplace under the inspection regarding violations of laws on labour, occupational safety and health, other standard acts regulating occupational safety and health and labour relations or regarding the non-compliance with instructions of the State Labour Inspectorate (if there is no possibility to obtain the above mentioned information on the spot, the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer shall be called upon to the territorial division of the State Labour Inspectorate or the administration of the State Labour Inspectorate);

      4) for the purposes of investigation of serious and fatal accidents at work, if necessary, to use the means of communication and transportation of the employer for free of charge;

      5) upon investigating accidents at work, occupational diseases, to obtain data and documents necessary for the said investigation from the employer, and from the employer‘s representative, a person (persons) authorised by the employer, employees and witnesses – explanations regarding circumstances and causes of the accident at work or the case of occupational diseases, also to assign an expert examination in case of need. To obtain additional information from health surveillance establishments, law enforcement and other institutions, following the procedure established by relevant standard acts;

       6) to perform control measurements of parameters of working environment;

       7) to give instructions to the employer‘s representative, a person authorised by the employer regarding the projects of buildings under construction or renovation in the enterprise as well as labour means when it becomes evident that the arrangements provisioned in the projects do not fulfil the requirements of standard acts on occupational safety and health;

       8) pursuant to the procedure approved by the chief state labour inspector, to ban the use of work equipment and personal protective equipment for the employer if they are not in compliance with the requirements of standard acts on occupational safety and health or other regulatory acts;

       9) to demand that the employer, the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer immediately stop the works: when employees are not trained and (or) not instructed to work safely, when employees’ safety and health is in danger due to faults of work equipment or emergency situations, when works are carried out in a manner violating technological regulations, without installation of relevant collective protective equipment or when employee (employees) are  not supplied with personal protective equipment and in other cases when the working environment  becomes hazardous and (or) dangerous to health and safety;

      10) to take out temporarily – for up to 7 working days – from the employer the documents, expedient for fulfilment of the functions of the State Labour Inspectorate, by way of drawing up and presenting the statement on taking out of said documents, or to make copies or extracts from said documents. In cases when documents are taken out, inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate upon the request of the employer‘s representative shall allow him to make copies of the taken out documents. The employer‘s representative shall enjoy the right to request the certification of the authenticity of said copies with the official stamp of the inspector of the State Labour Inspectorate;

      11) during performance of official duties, in case of need, to call upon the assistance of police officers;

     12) exercising the prevention and control of violations of laws regulating occupational safety and health as well as labour relations and other regulatory acts, and in the manner not contravening the immunity of private life of persons as guaranteed by relevant laws, to take photos, to make audio and video records;

      13) also may have other rights, established by other standard acts.

      2. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate must:

      1) upon disclosing violations of standard acts regulating occupational safety and health as well as labour relations, and following the procedures established by the Rules of Operation of the State Labour Inspectorate, to draw up an ordinance for the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer, indicating the identified violations as well as to establish the time, within which the above mentioned persons are obliged to eliminate said violations;

      2) to transfer the materials of investigation to law enforcement institutions in cases when it is established that violations of labour laws, standard acts on occupational safety and health as well as other standard acts at the enterprise have resulted or might have resulted in serious accidents at work to employees or any other serious consequences;

      3) to settle disputes between employers and employees regarding the refusal of employees to work due to the motivation that occupational safety and health is not secured;

     4) to notify the employer‘s representative, a person authorised by the employer of the employees who do not comply with requirements of labour laws, standard acts on occupational safety and health as well as other standard acts;

     5) upon disclosing violations of labour laws, standard acts on occupational safety and health, and following the established procedure to draw up protocols, ordinances, statements and other documents of the approved form;

     6) to address police officials regarding withdrawal of employees from dangerous workplaces or zones in cases when the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer refuses to fulfil the request of the inspector of the State Labour Inspectorate to stop the works;

     7) to respect the rights and legitimate interests of the entity under inspection;

    8) to safeguard and not reveal the information of state, employers commercial secrets, which they have discovered while discharging official duties;

    9) exercise duties established by other standard acts.

       Article 10. Appeals against actions and decisions of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate

     Actions and decisions of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate may be appealed against to the chief state labour inspector or to the administrative court in the manner prescribed by the Law on Administrative Proceedings. Decisions of the chief state labour inspector may be appealed against to the administrative court.

                                                                                   CHAPTER FOUR

                                  PROCEDURE FOR CONDUCTING INSPECTIONS

        Article 11. Inspection

      1. While inspecting the employer, inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall notify the employer‘s representative of the inspection if the inspector is of the opinion that such notification does not impair the discharge of his official duties.

      2. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall notify the workers’ representatives of their arrival if the inspection is carried out on the request of workers’ representatives.

      3. Employers must provide conditions for inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate, discharging their official duties as well as specialists called upon thereof and performing control measurements of parameters of working environment, or carrying out expert examinations in relation with investigation of accidents at work or occupational diseases.

      4. Inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate, upon carrying out the inspection and identifying of violations of labour laws as well as standard acts on occupational safety and health, following the established procedure shall draw up documents of the set form (ordinance,  protocol, statement, decision, etc.). They are presented to the employer‘s representative or a person authorised by the employer for signing or posted by mail.

      5. Workers‘ representatives shall be acquainted with the results of inspection and drawn up documents upon their request.

      6. Ordinances and instructions of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall be obligatory. Persons who do not comply with requirements of inspectors of the State Labour Inspectorate shall be held liable under law.

      7. Procedure for conducting inspections shall be established by the Regulations on the State Labour Inspectorate approved by the Minister of Social Security and Labour.

        Article 12. Indemnity of expenses for expert examinations

      Expenses for expert examinations appointed by the State Labour Inspectorate, related with the investigation of occupational diseases and accidents at work, provided that they are not carried out by State agencies, shall be paid by the State Labour Inspectorate with the funds appropriated to it for this purpose from the state budget.

                                                                                    CHAPTER FIVE

                                                                FINAL PROVISIONS

           Article 13. Relations of the State Labour Inspectorate with other entities

        The State Labour Inspectorate, while carrying out its functions, shall cooperate and exchange information with state and municipal institutions as well as establishments, trade unions, labour councils, organisations of employers and analogous authorities of other countries.

           Article 14. Entry into force of this Law

        1. This Law shall enter into force from 1 January 2004.

        2. Upon entry into force of this Law, the following standard acts shall become invalid:

        1) the Law on the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania (Official Gazette, 1994, Nr. 87-1644);

       2) the Law of the Republic of Lithuania amending and supplementing Articles 6 and 15 of the Law on  the State Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette,1996, Nr. 41-987);

      3) the Law of the Republic of Lithuania amending Article 6 of the Law on the State Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette, 1997, Nr. 67-1654);

      4) the Law of the Republic of Lithuania amending and supplementing Articles 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 18, 21, 25 of the Law on the State Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette, 1998, Nr. 98-2712);

      5) the Law of the Republic of Lithuania amending Article 11 of the Law on the State Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette, 1999, Nr. 33-952);

      6) the Law of the Republic of Lithuania supplementing Articles 7 and 8 of the Law on the State Labour Inspectorate (Official Gazette, 2000, Nr.61-1829).

        I promulgate this Law enacted  by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.

PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC                                                                                                ROLANDAS PAKSAS

Starting from the reestablishment, the State Labour Inspectorate actively tried to take up the working methods of the European countries, based on the provisions that in enterprises employers are primarily responsible for the establishment of the system ensuring occupational safety and health, its implementation, improvement, by identifying hazards at work as well as assessing risks, and ensuring the ongoing operation of this system. Therefore already in May 1993 the first training course was arranged, where lectures were given by the experts from the International Labour Organisation and Denmark. In the course of all the years of reestablishment of the State Labour Inspectorate, Lithuanian labour inspectors were widely and extensively trained under training programmes prepared by experts from Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, France, United Kingdom and other countries as well as PHARE programme. The State Labour Inspectorate has covered a long and complicated road in the international activities – from the first seminar in 1993 till participation in the seminars and conferences organised by other countries: presentations delivered in Nicosia, London, Wroclaw, Stockholm, Paris, Tallinn, Riga, etc.
Before Lithuania entered EU, inspection visits to enterprises of Lithuanian labour inspectors were observed by the group of specialists from four countries, constituted by the Senior Labour Inspectors Committee, making the evaluation of labour inspection systems of candidate countries. Both the inspections and general activities were evaluated positively and it was stated that the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania fully complies with the standards of labour inspectorates operating in the EU countries.
The State Labour Inspectorate is a member of the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI) from 1994, and from 1995 – a member of Senior Labour Inspectors Committee (SLIC), and maintains contacts with analogous establishments and institutions from other countries. Cooperation agreements are signed with labour inspectorates of Poland, Latvia, and Estonia. 
With Lithuania‘s membership in the EU, according to the new status representatives of the State Labour Inspectorate are actively involved in the international working groups on concrete issues of occupational safety and health (,,Machinery“, ,,Enforcement“, ,,Common principles of inspection“, ,,European strategy. Activity programme project“, ,,Efficiency indicators of Labour Inspectorate“, ,,European construction campaign“, ,,Asbestos“, etc.), various campaigns, evaluation of inspection systems of other countries. Currently 14 specialists of the State Labour Inspectorate participate in the activities of various EU working groups.

State labour inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania

19 Algirdo str.
LT-03607 Vilnius
Lithuania
Phone: +370 5 265 0193
Fax: +370 5 213 9751
E-mail: info@vdi.lt

Labour inspectors perform prevention of violations of standard acts regulating occupational safety and health, labour relations as well as the prevention of accidents at work and occupational diseases in enterprises, by controlling the compliance with these standard acts (6-7 per cent of registered enterprises in the country are inspected yearly) and by providing consultations to employees, their representatives, trade unions, employers, occupational safety and health services and committees in enterprises, as well as carrying out their educational mission of the public within the framework of their competence. Furthermore, the State Labour Inspectorate is actively encouraging and striving at the consolidation of relations between employers and employees and their organisations, based on the social dialogue and collective agreements.
The State Labour Inspectorate is assigned the function to carry out the control of undeclared work as well as to coordinate activities of institutions carrying out control of undeclared work in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The State Labour Inspectorate by controlling the compliance with laws regulating labour relations, inspects compliance with the provisions of the Labour Code, among them - related with employment contracts, work pay, organisation of work and rest, as well as the enforcement of relevant resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania and orders of the Ministry of Social Security and Labour.
Labour inspectors inspect if employers in enterprises, institutions and organisations identify hazards and perform risk analysis and assessment, investigate accidents at work, analyse and submit proposals on elimination of their causes and improvement of the occupational safety and health situation in the country, organise and together with representatives of health supervision institutions investigate causes and circumstances of occupational diseases; examine applications and complaints within the framework of the competence of the State Labour Inspectorate; submit comments and proposals on the draft standard acts on the issues of occupational safety and health, labour relations, conclusions on the occupational safety and health training programmes under preparation, participate during the examination of the competence of persons representing employers, persons authorised by employers, as well as the competence  of specialists of occupational safety and health services.
Following the established procedure, the State Labour Inspectorate participates in the acceptance for operation of undertakings, their units or individual workplaces and investigation of accidents with equipment or objects, performs the function of the manager of the Register of Potentially Dangerous Equipment, accepts applications from enterprises to assign funds for implementation of accidents at work and occupational diseases prevention measures, etc.
With Lithuania‘s EU membership, besides the supervision of enforcement of existing standard acts, the State Labour Inspectorate is endowed with new functions and obligations: control of working conditions of posted workers from EU countries, control of drivers work and rest time performed on the roads and in the enterprises following the procedure established by EU documents and national standard acts. Pursuant to the Law on European Work Councils of the Republic of Lithuania, the State Labour Inspectorate is commissioned to control the protection and guarantees of workers representatives rights in the European Community companies and their units, operating in our country; the Inspectorate also carries out the functions of the representation of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work in Lithuania. And these, no doubt, are not the last obligations. In order to be able to execute these obligations, the inspectors are encouraged to upgrade qualifications, to improve administrative and professional capacities aiming at the implementation of the prevention culture by new activity methods, at the same time not leaving out the traditional forms of work, verified by life.
While performing its objectives and developing social partnership, the State Labour Inspectorate cooperates with all trade unions and organisations of employers in the country, also maintains relations with more than 30 governmental institutions and organisations, all municipalities and organizations of counties, Government representatives in counties. Since 1994, the State Labour Inspectorate has a permanent representative in the tripartite Commission of Occupational Safety and Health of the Republic of Lithuania;specialists of the institution on the ongoing basis participate in the activities of the tripartite Council of the Republic of Lithuania.
The complete information on the activities of the State Labour Inspectorate is presented in the yearly report on the status of occupational safety and health and compliance with labour laws in the enterprises, institutions and organisations of the Republic of Lithuania.
The top management of the State Labour Inspectorate, inspectors and specialists accept new challenges, related with economic market changes, with labour relations as well as with the enhanced responsibility in the context of public benefits. We are open for the dialogue with social partners and their representatives in order to improve working conditions, to secure work guarantees for employees more effectively.

The State Labour Inspectorate was established on 16 June 1919 as the Labour Inspection Department under the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, and later was transferred to the Ministry of Interior.
The tasks, competencies, structure of the Inspectorate were defined in the Law on Labour Inspectorate passed in 1924. The Inspectorate became legitimately responsible for legal, technical and material control of labour safety. Inspectors were granted the right to visit enterprises, estate farms and   apartments of the employees situated close to them during business hours. 
Since 1940, before the reestablishment of the Independence, functions of labour safety were performed by different governmental offices, and control – by republican committees of trade unions.
After the restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Lithuania, in October 1990 the Department of Safety at Work was established under the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. Basically it took care of the technical aspects of safety at work.  Therefore under the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania dated 16 December 1992, the Department of Safety at Work was reorganised into two bodies under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour: State Labour Inspectorate and Technical Supervision Service, which was later transformed into public institution.

      Tasks, functions, structure, rights, duties, responsibility of labour inspectors, the procedure of inspections and the working procedure is defined by the Law on State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania, Regulations on State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania, Operational Regulations of State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania. Labour inspectors, while carrying out their duties, among other rights, have the right in relation with identified infringements in the enterprise of legal acts regulating occupational safety and health or labour relations:
      - to give ordinance of the established format to a person representing the employer or a person authorised by the employer and to oblige him/her to eliminate the enumerated infringements within the indicated time period;
      - to prohibit use of work or personal protective equipment not complying with occupational safety and health requirements;
      - to demand to stop works, which endanger occupational safety and health;
      - to write a protocol of administrative law violations to a person representing the employer or a person authorised by the employer, to examine the case of administrative law violations and to adopt a decision in the case of administrative law violations to assign a fine (up to €1,448).
      Cases of undeclared work according to the protocols of administrative law violations written by labour inspectors are examined and fines (up to €2,896) are issued by courts.
      Only courts shall examine cases and issue fines in relation with hindrances for the officials of the State Labour Inspectorate to carry out duties charged to them or in relation to non - compliance with their requirements. 

Mission of the state labour inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania – preservation of life, health and employability of employees as well as prevention of infringements of safeguarding employees guarantees in labour relations.